COVID-19: What can the G20 do to support the Fight against Pandemics in a Globalized World?

The COVID-19 pandemic has once again shown that we need everyone to get involved in a massive effort to keep the world safe. Researchers are working at high speed to understand new viruses, develop treatments and vaccines to curb pandemics and prevent future outbreaks. With COVID-19 new forms of collaboration have emerged for scientists around the world to share results much faster than during any previous outbreaks. With leadership by the G20 and the World Health Organization (WHO), science and other actors crucial for global health have to take a collective and non-discriminative responsibility to support such a form of global governance.

Policy Briefs
Boosting equitable access and production of diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines to confront Covid-19 on a global footing
John Nkengason - African Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lieve Fransen - European Policy Centre; and Wits University, Smita Srinivas - Co-Chair T20 Italy Task Force on Global Health and Covid-19; Open University; National Centre for Biological Sciences TIFR-NCBS; and University College London, Stefano Vella - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Health systems: strengthening preparedness
Chiara Cadeddu - Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fabrizio Landi - Toscana Life Sciences, Mario Raviglione - MACH Centre, Università di Milano, Marta Dassù - Aspen Institute Italia, Niccolò Serri - University of Cambridge, Sabrina Montante - Head of EU Affairs-Health Research Sector, Walter Ricciardi - Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Global equity for global health
Catherine K. Ettman - Boston University School of Public Health, Lily Parsey - International Longevity Center, Nason Maani - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Salma M Abdalla - Boston University School of Public Health, Sandro Galea - Boston University School of Public Health
From pathogens to people: Enhancing reporting and surveillance for more effective control of disease outbreaks
David Kaplan - International Science Council (ISC), Elena Rovenskaya - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), John Ryan - Directorate General Health and Food Safety, European Commission, Kent Buse - The George Institute for Global Health, Paola Testori Coggi - T20 Istituto Affari Internazionali, Sarah Hawkes - University College London (UCL), Sergey Sizov - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Regional collective action to address Covid-19 and prepare for future pandemics
Ana B. Amaya - Pace University, Philippe De Lombaerde - United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS); and Neoma Business School
Culture and sciences for life: Towards a global health literacy alliance for a sustainable future
Alex Mauron - University of Geneva, Ana Sbutega - Novartis Italy, Andrea Grignolio - Corsini Vita-Salute S. Raffaele University and CNR-CID Ethics, Barbara Prainsack - University of Vienna, Enrico Caiani - Polytechnic of Milan, Francesco Blasi - University of Milan, Gaia Panina - Novartis Italy, Marco Montorsi - Humanitas University, Maria Grazia Magro - Human Technopole, Marica Nobile - Human Technopole
One health-based conceptual frameworks for comprehensive and coordinated prevention
Alberto Mantovani - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Alessia Milano - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Andrea Lavazza - Centro Universitario Internazionale, Chikwe Ihekweazu - Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Claudia Robbiati - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Flavia Riccardo - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Francesco Cubadda - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Gaia Scavia - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Laura Mancini - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Laura Villa - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Maria Grazia Dente - National Centre for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Mario Carere - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Matteo Villa - Istituto per gli studi di politica internazionale (ISPI), Mirko Farina - Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Innopolis University, Monica Monaco - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Osman A Dar - Public Health England, Silvia Declich - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Stefania Marcheggiani - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Stefano Morabito - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Umberto Agrimi - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Accelerating progress toward universal health coverage
Ahmed Alamri - Riyadh Economic Forum, Hanan Alahmadi - Riyadh Economic Forum, Husein Reka - Asia Global Institute, Hong Kong University, Jonty Roland - Health For All Advisory
Reaffirming the significance of global public goods for health: Global solidarity in response to Covid-19 and future shocks
Alex Ezeh - Drexel University, Philadelphia, Blaise Nguendo-Yongsi - University of Yaoundé, Blessing Mberu - African Population and Health Research Center, Franz Gatsweiler - Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Gavin Yamey - Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, K. Srikanth Reddy - Bruyère Research Institute, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative, Obijiofor Aginam - UN University-International Institute for Global Health, Osondu Ogbuoji - Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Sainath Banerjee - Asian Development Bank - Center for Urban Health and Development, Sandro Galea - Boston University School of Public Health, Yonette Felicity Thomas - Borjoner International
Policy actions to safeguard the operations of GVCS in times of crisis and beyond
Adnan Serič - United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Ahmad Younis - Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Aleksander Siemaszko - Poland's Ministry of Economic Development, Anthony Hammond - Yale School of Medicine, Mark Votruba - Case Western Reserve University, Mohmmad S. Alrajeh - Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Olayinka Idowu Kareem - University of Hohenheim, Stefan Pahl - University of Groningen
Covid-19: An eye opener to upscale investments in sustainable transport to accelerate progress toward a more livable and climate resilient future
AHM Mehbub Anwar - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Aishah Alatawi - University of Tabuk, Farhina Pasha - University of Tabuk, Radia Sedaoui - Economic Commission of Western Asia (UN-ESCWA), Steven Griffiths - Senior Vice President, Research and Development, Khalifa University
Ensuring that Covid-19 recovery policies support the transformation to a climate neutral society
Abdelrahman Muhsen - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Amm Quamruzzaman - University of California Berkeley, Axel Michaelowa - University of Zurich, Mohammed Dabboor - Environment and Climate Change Canada, Government of Canada, Noura Mansouri - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Sonja Butzengeiger - Perspectives Climate Research
Covid-19 and the global education emergency: Planning systems for recovery and resilience
Alejandra Cardini - CIPPEC, Amélie A. Gagnon - UNESCO-IIEP, Hugues Moussy - UNESCO-IIEP, Iván Matovich - Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC), Kate Moriarty - INEE, Nicolas Reuge - UNICEF, Prachi Srivastava - University of Western Ontario, Robert Jenkins - UNICEF, Sonja Anderson - INEE
G20 coalition in transformative action for education: Ensuring continuity of learning within and beyond the Covid-19 crisis
Abdul Ghaffar Mughal - Northeastern University, Charlotte Holland - Dublin City University, Dalal Aldeghaither - King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Mohammad Nurunnabi - Prince Sultan University
Ensuring an equitable pandemic response: Lessons learned from Covid-19
Aljawhara Al Quayid - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), T20 Saudi Arabia, Hanan Al Ahmadi - Riyadh Economic Forum, Nasser Bindhim - Sharik Society for Health and Community Research, Saleh Al Muhanna - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), T20 Saudi Arabia, Waleed Al Salem - Umm Al-Qura University
Addressing mental health needs during the Covid-19 pandemic and beyond
Lisa Bilal - King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Ronald C. Kessler - Harvard Medical School, Yasmin Altwaijri - King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center
Investing in universal health systems aimed at Covid-19 and beyond
Amani Alkofide - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Luiz Eduardo Fonseca - Center for Global Health – Fiocruz, Radia Sedaoui - Economic Commission of Western Asia (UN-ESCWA), Rym Ayadi - Euro-Mediterranean Network for Economic Studies (EMNES), CASS Business School, Viqaruddin Mohammed - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre
The Covid-19 crisis and tourism: Response and recovery measures to support the tourism sector in OECD countries
Alain Dupeyras - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities, Jane Stacey - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities, Peter Haxton - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
The Covid-19 crisis and the global economy: Challenges and policy requirements
Luiz de Mello - OECD, Nigel Pain - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Sveinbjorn Blondal - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Heightening cybersecurity to promise safety and fairness for citizens in the Post-Covid-19 Digital World
Bhushan Sethi - PwC US, Muhammad Khurram Khan - Center of Excellence in Information Assurance (CoEIA) King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Paul Grainger - Centre for Education and Work, UCL, Stefanie Goldberg - PwC US
A sustainable urbanization and infrastructure response to the Covid-19 pandemic
Holger Kühle - GIZ, Jörn Meyer - GIZ, Mitch Cook - The New School, Susan Parnell - University of Bristol and Emeritus Professor at the African Centre for Cities (ACC), University of Cape Town, Nicolas Buchoud - Grand Paris Alliance for Metropolitan Development, Raja Almarzoqi - Saudi Arabia, Michael Cohen - Milano School of Policy, Management, and Environment
Transversal G20 response to Covid-19: Global governance for economic, social, health, and environmental resilience
Elizabeth Sidiropoulos - South African Institute of International Affairs, Gianluca Grimalda - Kiel Institute for the World Economy, John Kirton - Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at Trinity College, University of Toronto, Jonathan Luckhurst - Soka University, K. Srikanth Reddy - Bruyère Research Institute, Marc Fleurbaey - Princeton University, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative, Veronika Ertl - Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, W. Andy Knight - University of Alberta
Multilateralism in times of global pandemic: Lessons learned and the way forward
Anindya Chatterjee - International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Daniel D. Bradlow - University of Pretoria, Maha Akeel - Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Sara Lechtenberg-Kasten - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Syed Munir Khasru - Institute for Policy, Advocacy, and Governance (IPAG)
The role of monetary policy in worldwide solidarity in the face of Covid-19
Amedeo Argentiero - KORE University of Enna, Carlo Andrea Bollino - Perugia Energy Environment Research Center (CREEP), University of Perugia, King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Maria Chiara D’errico - University of Perugia, Mirko Abbritti - University of Perugia, Navarra Center for International Development, Mustafa Yagci - Islamic Development, Paolo Polinori - University of Perugia, Silvia Mecheli - University of Perugia, Simona Bigerna - University of Perugia
Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on migrant workers in the informal sector and spin-off effects in their destination and home countries
Ana B. Moreno - OnCities, Dramane Coulibaly - University of Paris Nanterre, Fatih Karanfil - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Hind Kinani - International Organization for Migration, Luc Désiré Omgba - University of Lorraine, Mohamed Sharif Ahmed - International Organization for Migration, Nhusha Vu - OnCities
Monetary Policies Strategies and the COVID-19 Crisis
Franco Bruni - Bocconi University Milan, José Siaba Serrate - Argentine Council for International Relations CARI
The Sustainable Development Agenda: Leveraging the G20 to Enhance Accountability and Financing
Dennis Görlich - & Program Manager, Socio-Economic Transformation, Homi Kharas - The Brookings Institution, Sebastian Strauss - Global Economy and Development, The Brookings Institution , Wilfried Rickels - Kiel Institute for the World Economy
Fundamental Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic
Dennis Snower - Global Solutions Initiative
A Bretton Woods Moment: Crafting the World We Want – and Our Children Deserve
Sean Cleary - Future World Foundation & Global Solutions Initiative Special Advisor
Rebuild after the crisis on three pillars: Equity, security and sustainability
Sean Cleary - Future World Foundation & Global Solutions Initiative Special Advisor
Global Trade Cooperation after COVID-19: Can the G20 Contain Disintegration?
Peter Draper - Institute for International Trade in the Faculty of the Professions, University of Adelaide, Australia
Reinvigorating multilateral cooperation during the COVID-19 crisis: The role of the G20
Dennis Görlich - & Program Manager, Socio-Economic Transformation, Juliane Stein-Zalai - Kiel Institute for the World Economy
COVID-19 Response Strategies, Addressing Digital Gender Divides
Barbara Orser - University of Ottawa, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative, Lindsey Nefesh-Clarke - Womens WorldWide Web (W4)
Commentaries and Articles
Awakening in the post-pandemic world
The Brookings Institution
Supply and Demand Shocks in the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Industry and Occupation Perspective
By Anton Pichler, François Lafond, J. Doyne Farmer, R. Maria del Rio-Chanona, Penny Mealy (University of Oxford – Institute for New Economic Thinking)
A Coordinated, Unlimited and Flexible Insurance Policy to Respond to the Pandemic
By Gonzalo García-Andrés (Elcano Royal Institute)
The Coronavirus as a Yardstick of Global Health Policy
By Félix Arteaga (Elcano Royal Institute)
Networks and Technologies to Assist the Vulnerable During the Pandemic
By Matthias Helble and Paul Vandenberg (ADBI)
Geopolitical symptoms of COVID-19: Narrative battles within the Eastern Partnership
By Mihai-Razvan Corman (Bertelsmann Stiftung) and Eliana Coraci (Bertelsmann Stiftung)
The COVID-19 Pandemic: Government vs. Community Action Across the United States
By Adam Brzezinski, Guido Deiana, Valentin Kecht and David Van Dijcke (University of Oxford – The Institute for New Economic Thinking)
Infrastructure for Growth Post COVID-19
By Alberto Belladonna (ISPI) and Alessandro Gili (ISPI)
COVID-19 and the Crisis of National Development
By Cobus van Staden (SAIIA)
Coronavirus: economic threat, political response and implications
By Federico Steinberg (Elcano Royal Institute)
The fiscal response to the economic fallout from the coronavirus
By Julia Anderson, Enrico Bergamini, Sybrand Brekelmans, Aliénor Cameron, Zsolt Darvas, Marta Domínguez Jíménez (Bruegel)
What Can We Do to Manage the Economic Consequences of COVID-19?
By Fatih Özatay, Güven Sak (TEPAV)
The coronavirus pandemic and US consumption
By John Muellbauer (VoxEU)
How Covid-19 Could be Like the Global Financial Crisis (or worse)
By Nora Lustig and Jorge Mariscal (IPSP)
A crisis in times of crisis: Combating COVID-19 under sanctions in Iran?
By Sonali Chowdhury, Anna-Katharina Jacobs & Kathrin Kamin (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)
COVID, remobilisation and the ‘stringency possibility corridor’: Creating wealth while protecting health
By Richard Baldwin (Graduate Institute Geneva)
Mitigating the work-security trade-off while rebooting the economy
By Tito Boeri (INPS), Alessandro Caiumi (Bocconi University) & Marco Paccagnella (OECD)
Will COVID-19 Remake the World?
By Dani Rodrik (Harvard University – Kennedy School of Government)
The Digital Response to the Outbreak of COVID-19
By Sean McDonald (CIGI)
It Is Time To Think Differently About Health
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
We need a national conversation about health — not just about health care
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
COVID-19 Calls for a Marshall Plan for Health
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
COVID-19 in Africa: Protecting Lives and Economies
By Stephen Karingi (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa)
COVID-19 and Latin America
By Fernando Filgueria (Universidad de la República, Urugua)
C20 Statement to the G20 Joint Meeting of Ministers of Finance & Health
By the Civil 20 Engagement Group

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