What can the G20 do to improve social cohesion and trigger responsibility in business and politics?

In the context of recent dynamics propelled by globalization and technological developments, the trust in political institutions has diminished in many parts of the world and led to a surge of parties selfportraying as anti-establishment, often promoting nativism and xenophobia. This trend undermines the support for multilateralism and effective global governance and propagates the idea that relationships between nation states are a zero-sum-game. To revitalise multilateralism and global solidarity, the benefits of globalization and international cooperation must be made more visible and more accessible to the general public. The purpose of the session is to discuss the foundations of a social cohesion at the global level; and what the G20 can do to foster social cohesion from the local to the global level. Social cohesion is the capacity of a community to express mutual solidarity and traditionally, social cohesion is considered to be rooted primarily at the national level. How widespread is the notion of global citizenship, and to what extent is it compatible with other notions of citizenship? Could policies such as a global health fund or a global basic income and increased international cooperation on tax matters buttress the idea of global citizenship? How can businesses foster and valorize global citizenship and global solidarity?

Solution Sessions
Voices of the 2020 Young Global Changers
Ninety young people from around the world were selected to participate in the 2020 Global Solutions Summit as Young Global Changers. These young changemakers from academica, business and civil society contribute and debate in their various working groups on the Summit topics. Watch the video with statements and questions by the YGC Working Group on Social Cohesion and the State! The Young Global Changers regularly contribute to the Young Global Changers blog. Browse through the YGC blog and read more articles on society and related topics, written by the Young Global Changers’ community.
Policy Briefs
Financial Inclusion: The importance of financial literacy and the promotion of better labour market outcomes for women and youth
Abebe Shimeles - African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Benedetta Landi - EmpowerYourLife Think Tank of the Global Thinking Foundation, Milan (Italy), Claudia Segre - EmpowerYourLife Think Tank of the Global Thinking Foundation, Milan (Italy), Dianah Ngui Muchai - African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi (Kenya), Njuguna Ndung’u - African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi (Kenya), Wilson S. K. Wasike - African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi (Kenya), Winnie Sambu - African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi (Kenya)
Beyond Covid-19: what can countries do to address the learning loss caused by the pandemic?
David Dingus - Sheikh Saud Bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research, Devyani Pershad - Pratham Education Foundation, New Delhi (India), Ivana Zacarias - SUMMA, Marvin Erfurth - Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research, Ras Al Khaimah (United Arab Emirates), Mauricio Farías - SUMMA, Natasha Ridge - Sheikh Saud Bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research, Rafael Carrasco - SUMMA
A wealth taxation on corporations’ stock
Emmanuel Saez - University of California Berkeley (USA), Gabriel Zucman - University of California Berkeley (USA)
Covid-19 and inequality: an integrated policy response for skills, employment and welfare
Jonathan Cribb - Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London (UK), Richard Blundell - University College London (UCL) and Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London (UK), Sandra McNally - University of Surrey, Guilford (UK)
Building global citizenship through a global citizen income and progressive global taxation
Fernando Filgueira - CIPPEC Argentina , Gianluca Grimalda - Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Marc Fleurbaey - Princeton University, Rubén Lo Vuolo - Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Public Policies
Can trade enhance labour market access and job opportunities for women? The inhibitive roles of entrenched gender inequality
Fatima Olanike - Kareem Trade and Development Policy Research Network, Olayinka Idowu Kareem - University of Hohenheim
Towards humanistic metrics of success for G20 economies
Dennis J. Snower - Global Solutions Initiative Foundation, Berlin (Germany), Helen Verdeli - Columbia University, New York (USA), Katharina Lima de Miranda - Global Solutions Initiative and Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Michael Green - Social Progress Imperative, Romina Boarini - OECD, Sandra Willis - Columbia University, New York (USA), Victor Santiago Pineda - World ENABLED, Berkeley CA (USA)
Rebuilding education systems for recovery – A crisis-sensitive and equity focused approach
Alejandra Cardini - CIPPEC, Amélie A. Gagnon - UNESCO-IIEP, Iván Matovich - Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC), Kate Moriarty - INEE, Kiran Bhatty - Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi (India), Nicolas Reuge - UNICEF, Prachi Srivastava - University of Western Ontario, Robert Jenkins - UNICEF, Sonja Anderson - INEE, Thalia Séguin - IIEP-UNESCO (UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning), Paris (France)
How do we know goals are achieved?
Alejandra Cardini - CIPPEC, Alejandro Acosta - Fundación Centro Internacional de Educación y Desarrollo Humano (CINDE), Antioquia (Colombia), Claudia Costin - Center for Innovation and Excellence in Education Policies, Dwi Priyono - South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization / Regional Centre for Early Childhood Care, Education and Parenting (SEAMEO CECCEP), Jennifer Guevara - Dublin City University, Early Childhood Research Centre, Lynette Okengo - AfECN, African Early Childhood Network, Mathias Urban - Dublin City University, Early Childhood Research Centre, P K Anand - Research and Information Systems for Developing Countries, New Delhi (India), Rita Flórez-Romero - Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá
Remote working, housing inequality and social mobility
Francesco Armillei - Fondazione Ing. Rodolfo Debenedetti, Milan (Italy), Thomas Le Barbanchon - Bocconi University, Milan (Italy), Tito Boeri - Bocconi University
Women in global care chains: The need to tackle intersecting inequalities in G20 countries
Alejandro Biondi - CIPPEC, Amm Quamruzzaman - University of California Berkeley, Asma Bahurmoz - King Abdulaziz University, Florencia Caro Sachetti - Centro de Implementación de Políticas Públicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento, (CIPPEC), Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative, Marija Babovic - University of Belgrade, Peter Abrahamson - University of Copenhagen
Assessing the wellbeing impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic and three policy types: Suppression, control, and uncontrolled spread
Alex Voorhoeve - London School of Economics and Political Science, James Hammitt - Harvard University, Maddalena Ferranna - Harvard School of Public Health, Marc Fleurbaey - Princeton University, Matthew Adler - Duke University, Richard Bradley - London School of Economics and Political Science
“Smart” decentralization: Accountability and community development through urban self-governance
Charles R. Hankla - Georgia State University, Faris Abuzeid - Aeon Collective
Building global citizenship through global basic income and progressive global taxation
Fernando Filgueira - CIPPEC Argentina , Gianluca Grimalda - Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Marc Fleurbaey - Princeton University, Rubén Lo Vuolo - Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Public Policies
Upscaling community-based early childhood programmes to counter inequality and foster social cohesion during global uncertainty
Alejandra Cardini - CIPPEC, Claudia Costin - Center for Innovation and Excellence in Education Policies, Dwi Priyono - South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization / Regional Centre for Early Childhood Care, Education and Parenting (SEAMEO CECCEP), Jennifer Guevara - Dublin City University, Early Childhood Research Centre, Lynette Okengo - AfECN, African Early Childhood Network, Mathias Urban - Dublin City University, Early Childhood Research Centre, Rita Flórez Romero - Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Grupo de Investigación Cognición y Lenguaje en la Infancia
Recoupling economic and social prosperity
Katharina Lima de Miranda - Global Solutions Initiative and Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Dennis Snower - Global Solutions Initiative
Enabling youth to create jobs instead of searching for jobs: Labor market-friendly incubators
Abdullatif A. Almunifi - Qassim University, Saud Almutairi - Qassim University
Properly adressing informality in the arab world: Nature, severity, and possible solutions
Abla Abdel-Latif - Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES), Ahmed Dawoud - ECES
Governing diagnostics: Covid-19 and the G20
Juergen Braunstein - Harvard Kennedy School, Sachin Silva - Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Fiscal sustainability and social cohesion in the face of demographic change
Chul Ju Kim - Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), Cian Mulligan - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Karen Young - American Enterprise Institute, Pitchaya Sirivunnabood - Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), Sara Lechtenberg-Kasten - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Yong Jun Baek - Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)
The Socioeconomics of Pandemics Policy
Dennis Snower - Global Solutions Initiative
Recoupling Economic and Social Progress
Dennis Snower - Global Solutions Initiative, Katharina Lima de Miranda - Global Solutions Initiative and Kiel Institute for the World Economy
Commentaries and Articles
T20 Recommendations Report: Social Cohesion and the State
Compiled by Dennis Görlich (IfW Kiel) and Juliane Stein-Zalai (IfW Kiel)
Germany needs to lead push for European solidarity in crisis
By Hendrik Enderlein (Hertie School)
COVID-19: The Price of Negligence
By Thierry de Montbrial (IFRI)
Strengthening labor protections for 21st century workers – Global Solutions Journal
Making gender equality a reality – Global Solutions Journal
Will COVID-19 Remake the World?
By Dani Rodrik (Harvard University – Kennedy School of Government)
Transparency, communication and trust : The role of public communication in responding to the wave of disinformation about the new Coronavirus
OECD Policy Responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

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