Global Solutions Hubs

At our Global Solutions Hubs, you will find policy recommendations, solutions and experts on the policy areas of the G20 and T20. They cover the topics that are at the heart of the Global Solutions Initiative.
Do you have ideas for a Global Solutions Hub or would you like to submit your own Solution Session? Please contact us (contact@global-solutions-initiative.org).
Public attitudes to asylum and refugee policies: What are the implications for policy-making?

Following the large increase in the number of refugees and other migrants applying for asylum in Europe in 2015-16, EU Member States have been engaged in highly divisive debates about how to reform the EU’s asylum and refugee policies. To debate and decide on competing ideas about policy reform, it is crucial that we understand better the public’s preferences for the various different dimensions of asylum and refugee policies. What asylum and refugee policies do Europeans want, and why? How does the design of asylum and refugee policies affect public support and opposition? How do the answers to these questions vary across European countries? And what are the implications for policy debates in Europe and beyond?

MEDAM researchers have analyzed public attitudes to asylum and refugee policies in eight EU Member States: Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain, and Sweden. Their findings show remarkable similarities in public policy preferences across European countries: Europeans want to protect refugees but prefer a policy approach that sets limits and conditions. And as long as there are elements of control, the findings show that even individuals with low trust in European institutions can systematically support policies that provide protection and assistance to refugees.

The aim of this Global Table is to discuss the available evidence on public preferences for asylum and refugee policies and consider the implications for policy-making. The debate will also shed light on how Europeans’ attitudes to asylum and refugee protection compare to public policy preferences in other regions of the world, and address the implications for non-European G20 countries.

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Martin Ruhs
European University Institute
Asli Okyay
Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy
Franziska Brantner
Deutscher Bundestag
Roberto Suro
University of Southern California
What can the G20 do to respond to demographic challenges and shape policies for migrants and refugees?

The demographic structure of G20 countries differs significantly: Aging societies, such as Japan or European countries face significant challenges for their welfare states and the effectiveness of macroeconomic policies. Young societies, such as Turkey or Saudi Arabia, face significant challenges with youth unemployment and the school-to-work transition. This Global Table will address policy responses for aging and young societies, the interconnection of these, as well as the role of migration in shaping future societies.

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Mehmet Şimşek
Dome Group
Güven Sak
The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV)
Astrid Skala-Kuhmann
Global Partnership
Naoyuki Yoshino
Financial Research Centre, FSA Institute

Policy Briefs

Education for migrant youths
Sara Lechtenberg-Kasten - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Sarah Bakhsh - Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Tim Frazier - Georgetown University
Local leadership: Preparing for the future of work and fostering immigrant inclusivity
Güven Sak - The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV), Omar Kadkoy - The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV)
Decent jobs and inclusive social policies in home countries: Key factors for limiting illegal migration
Amal El Ouassif - Policy Center for the New South, Tayeb Ghazi - Policy Center for the New South
Offering virtual consultative services to improve lives of refugees awaiting resettlement at camps
Amani Alkofide - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Viqaruddin Mohammed - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre
Refugees and host economies
Abdurrahman B. Aydemir - Sabanci University, Murat Güray Kirdar - Bogazici University, Semih Tümen - TED University, Yusuf Emre Akgündüz - Sabanci University
Integration of migrants as a three-way process and its implications on the future of training and education
Murat Kenanoğlu - Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey, Sibel Güven - Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey
Assessing trends in global youth immigrants in selected countries of Africa and Asia
Adeniyi T. Adetunji - Admiralty University of Nigeria, Maryam Sali - National Universities Commission, Oluwayemisi A. Adepoju - Westland University, Oluyemi O. Fayomi - Admiralty University of Nigeria
The G2020 protocol on forced migration: A new approach to solve the burden-sharing problem of forced migration and ensure lives in safety and dignity
Fahad A. Alsharif - King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies (KFCRIS), Manuel Schubert - Behavia – Behavioral Public Policy and Economics

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