Challenges and Opportunities of Green Bonds for Infrastructure Financing

Cledwyn Fernandez (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations)
This Policy Brief was first published in https://t20ind.org


Green financing is a structural financial activity that seeks to improve environmental outcomes of projects. It can be in the form of loans, debt mechanisms or investments that are channelled to those projects which limit carbon emissions into the economy (mitigation) or minimise the negative impacts of existing projects (adaptation). One such emerging green financing tool is ‘green bonds.’ Green bonds represent, by far, the largest and most mature segment of the sustainable debt market. This Policy Brief provides a summary of the global green bonds market, and discusses the role that G20 economies can play in improving it. It suggests measures to mitigate the risks associated with green financing and scale up the green bonds market across the G20 economies.


Cledwyn Fernandez (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations)

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