Andy is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He worked at the BIS from 2002-21 where, most recently, he held the position of Head of Monetary Policy and, prior to that, Head of Economics for Asia and the Pacific. Before joining the BIS, he served on the staff of President Bush’s Council of Economic Advisers, was an Assistant Vice President and Economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, taught as an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, was a visitor at the IMF, and has worked with many central banks across the globe during his career. Andy has authored numerous publications in the fields of international monetary policy, macroeconomics, and financial stability. Andy holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago.