What can the G20 do to stabilise the world economy in times of the COVID-19 pandemic?

The far-reaching measures enacted by most countries worldwide to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have massive consequences for the economies. The situation affects almost every enterprise, regardless of whether it caters local communities or the global economy. The effects spread across countries as tightly knit global production networks are interrupted. Countries have different capacities to absorb the shock and counter it with fiscal policy. Not only the nature of a pandemic is global as it does not stop at borders; the tight integration of the world economy make the economic fall-out a global challenge to solve. The G20, as flexible forum of the world’s richest and most powerful countries, has a major role in stabilising the world economy: in coordinating fiscal and monetary responses, in helping developing country partners to manage the crisis, and in giving guidance and vision in these challenging times. Can the G20 live up to this task?

Policy Briefs
The AIDP: Potential Impact for TB, Airborne Infectious Diseases, and Pandemic Preparedness
Dr. Suvanand Sahu - Stop TB Partnership, Dr. Lucica Ditiu - Stop TB Partnership, Dr. Amy Bloom - US Agency for International Development, Dr. Kenneth G. Castro - US Agency for International Development
Establishing a Multilateral Biodefense & Biosecurity Network
Gabriele Jessica Kembuan - Harvard Medical School, Anthony P. Sunjaya - University of New South Wales,
Earmarking Health Tax for Sustainable UHC Financing in G20 Developing Countries
Abdillah Ahsan - Universitas Indonesia, Dwini Handayani - Universitas Indonesia, Krisna Puji Rahmayanti - Universitas Indonesia, Nadira Amalia - Universitas Indonesia
Digital Transformation in Healthcare: Reach The Un-Reach at a Reduced Cost
Purnawan Junadi - ATENSI, Indonesian Telemedicine Alliance, Revi Renita - ATENSI, Indonesian Telemedicine Alliance, Irwan Haryanto - ATENSI, Indonesian Telemedicine Alliance, Rosmala Rosadi - ATENSI, Indonesian Telemedicine Alliance
Building Back Better: Addressing The Laboratory Readiness For Biodefence And Global Health Security
Wiku Adisasmito - Universitas Indonesia, DewiN. Aisyah - Ministry of Health, Indonesia, Plebeian B. Medina - Department of Health, Philippines, Zisis Kozlakidis - World Health Organization, Raymond TPLin - Ministry of Health, Singapore
Access to education during public health emergencies: Keep schools open
Pascale Allotey - World Health Organization (WHO),
Boosting equitable access and production of diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines to confront Covid-19 on a global footing
Lieve Fransen - European Policy Centre; and Wits University, John Nkengason - African Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Smita Srinivas - Co-Chair T20 Italy Task Force on Global Health and Covid-19; Open University; National Centre for Biological Sciences TIFR-NCBS; and University College London, Stefano Vella - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Health systems: Strengthening preparedness
Chiara Cadeddu - Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Marta Dassù - Aspen Institute Italia, Fabrizio Landi - Toscana Life Sciences, Sabrina Montante - Head of EU Affairs-Health Research Sector, Mario Raviglione - MACH Centre, Università di Milano, Walter Ricciardi - Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Niccolò Serri - University of Cambridge,
Global equity for global health
Salma M Abdalla - Boston University School of Public Health, Pascale Allotey - World Health Organization (WHO), Catherine K. Ettman - Boston University School of Public Health, Sandro Galea - Boston University School of Public Health, Nason Maani - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Lily Parsey - International Longevity Center,
From pathogens to people: Enhancing reporting and surveillance for more effective control of disease outbreaks
Kent Buse - The George Institute for Global Health, Sarah Hawkes - University College London (UCL), David Kaplan - International Science Council (ISC), Elena Rovenskaya - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), John Ryan - Directorate General Health and Food Safety, European Commission, Sergey Sizov - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Paola Testori Coggi - T20 Istituto Affari Internazionali
Regional collective action to address Covid-19 and prepare for future pandemics
Ana B. Amaya - Pace University, Philippe De Lombaerde - United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS); and Neoma Business School
Culture and sciences for life: Towards a global health literacy alliance for a sustainable future
Francesco Blasi - University of Milan, Enrico Caiani - Polytechnic of Milan, Andrea Grignolio - Corsini Vita-Salute S. Raffaele University and CNR-CID Ethics, Maria Grazia Magro - Human Technopole, Alex Mauron - University of Geneva, Marco Montorsi - Humanitas University, Marica Nobile - Human Technopole, Gaia Panina - Novartis Italy, Barbara Prainsack - University of Vienna, Ana Sbutega - Novartis Italy
One health-based conceptual frameworks for comprehensive and coordinated prevention
Umberto Agrimi - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Mario Carere - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Francesco Cubadda - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Osman A Dar - Public Health England, Silvia Declich - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Maria Grazia Dente - National Centre for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Mirko Farina - Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Innopolis University, Chikwe Ihekweazu - Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Andrea Lavazza - Centro Universitario Internazionale, Laura Mancini - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Alberto Mantovani - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Stefania Marcheggiani - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Alessia Milano - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Monica Monaco - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Stefano Morabito - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Flavia Riccardo - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Claudia Robbiati - National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Gaia Scavia - Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Laura Villa - Infectious Diseases Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Matteo Villa - Istituto per gli studi di politica internazionale (ISPI)
Accelerating progress toward universal health coverage
Hanan Alahmadi - Riyadh Economic Forum, Ahmed Alamri - Riyadh Economic Forum, Husein Reka - Asia Global Institute, Hong Kong University, Jonty Roland - Health For All Advisory
Reaffirming the significance of global public goods for health: Global solidarity in response to Covid-19 and future shocks
Yonette Felicity Thomas - Borjoner International, Obijiofor Aginam - UN University-International Institute for Global Health, Sainath Banerjee - Asian Development Bank - Center for Urban Health and Development, Alex Ezeh - Drexel University, Philadelphia, Sandro Galea - Boston University School of Public Health, Franz Gatsweiler - Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Blessing Mberu - African Population and Health Research Center, Blaise Nguendo-Yongsi - University of Yaoundé, Osondu Ogbuoji - Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, K. Srikanth Reddy - Bruyère Research Institute, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative, Gavin Yamey - Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University
Policy actions to safeguard the operations of GVCS in times of crisis and beyond
Mohmmad S. Alrajeh - Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Anthony Hammond - Yale School of Medicine, Olayinka Idowu Kareem - University of Hohenheim, Stefan Pahl - University of Groningen, Adnan Serič - United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Aleksander Siemaszko - Poland's Ministry of Economic Development, Mark Votruba - Case Western Reserve University, Ahmad Younis - Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Covid-19: An eye opener to upscale investments in sustainable transport to accelerate progress toward a more livable and climate resilient future
Radia Sedaoui - Economic Commission of Western Asia (UN-ESCWA), AHM Mehbub Anwar - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Farhina Pasha - University of Tabuk, Aishah Alatawi - University of Tabuk, Steven Griffiths - Senior Vice President, Research and Development, Khalifa University
Ensuring that Covid-19 recovery policies support the transformation to a climate neutral society
Axel Michaelowa - University of Zurich, Sonja Butzengeiger - Perspectives Climate Research, Mohammed Dabboor - Environment and Climate Change Canada, Government of Canada, Abdelrahman Muhsen - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Noura Mansouri - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Amm Quamruzzaman - University of California Berkeley
Covid-19 and the global education emergency: Planning systems for recovery and resilience
Prachi Srivastava - University of Western Ontario, Alejandra Cardini - CIPPEC, Iván Matovich - Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC), Hugues Moussy - UNESCO-IIEP, Muhammad Khurram Khan - Center of Excellence in Information Assurance (CoEIA) King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Robert Jenkins - UNICEF, Nicolas Reuge - UNICEF, Kate Moriarty - INEE, Sonja Anderson - INEE
G20 coalition in transformative action for education: Ensuring continuity of learning within and beyond the Covid-19 crisis
Charlotte Holland - Dublin City University, Dalal Aldeghaither - King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Abdul Ghaffar Mughal - Northeastern University, Mohammad Nurunnabi - Prince Sultan University
Ensuring an equitable pandemic response: Lessons learned from Covid-19
Hanan Al Ahmadi - Riyadh Economic Forum, Nasser Bindhim - Sharik Society for Health and Community Research, Saleh Al Muhanna - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), T20 Saudi Arabia, Aljawhara Al Quayid - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), T20 Saudi Arabia, Waleed Al Salem - Umm Al-Qura University
Addressing mental health needs during the Covid-19 pandemic and beyond
Yasmin Altwaijri - King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Lisa Bilal - King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Ronald C. Kessler - Harvard Medical School
Investing in universal health systems aimed at Covid-19 and beyond
Luiz Eduardo Fonseca - Center for Global Health – Fiocruz, Amani Alkofide - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Radia Sedaoui - Economic Commission of Western Asia (UN-ESCWA), Rym Ayadi - Euro-Mediterranean Network for Economic Studies (EMNES), CASS Business School, Viqaruddin Mohammed - King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre
The Covid-19 crisis and tourism: Response and recovery measures to support the tourism sector in OECD countries
Alain Dupeyras - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities, Peter Haxton - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities, Jane Stacey - OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
The Covid-19 crisis and the global economy: Challenges and policy requirements
Luiz de Mello - OECD, Sveinbjorn Blondal - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Nigel Pain - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Heightening cybersecurity to promise safety and fairness for citizens in the Post-Covid-19 Digital World
Muhammad Khurram Khan - Center of Excellence in Information Assurance (CoEIA) King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Paul Grainger - Centre for Education and Work, UCL, Bhushan Sethi - PwC US
A sustainable urbanization and infrastructure response to the Covid-19 pandemic
Michael Cohen - Milano School of Policy, Management, and Environment, Mitch Cook - The New School, Holger Kuhle - GIZ , Jörn Meyer - GIZ, Susan Parnell - University of Bristol and Emeritus Professor at the African Centre for Cities (ACC), University of Cape Town
Transversal G20 response to Covid-19: Global governance for economic, social, health, and environmental resilience
Jonathan Luckhurst - Soka University, Veronika Ertl - Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Marc Fleurbaey - Princeton University, Gianluca Grimalda - Kiel Institute for the World Economy, John Kirton - Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at Trinity College, University of Toronto, W. Andy Knight - University of Alberta, K. Srikanth Reddy - Bruyère Research Institute, Elizabeth Sidiropoulos - South African Institute of International Affairs, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative
Multilateralism in times of global pandemic: Lessons learned and the way forward
Daniel D. Bradlow - University of Pretoria, Sara Lechtenberg-Kasten - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Maha Akeel - Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Syed Munir Khasru - Institute for Policy, Advocacy, and Governance (IPAG), Anindya Chatterjee - International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
The role of monetary policy in worldwide solidarity in the face of Covid-19
Carlo Andrea Bollino - Perugia Energy Environment Research Center (CREEP), University of Perugia, King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Mirko Abbritti - University of Perugia, Navarra Center for International Development, Amedeo Argentiero - KORE University of Enna, Simona Bigerna - University of Perugia, Maria Chiara D’errico - University of Perugia, Silvia Mecheli - University of Perugia, Paolo Polinori - University of Perugia, Mustafa Yagci - Islamic Development
Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on migrant workers in the informal sector and spin-off effects in their destination and home countries
Mohamed Sharif Ahmed - International Organization for Migration, Dramane Coulibaly - University of Paris Nanterre, Fatih Karanfil - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Hind Kinani - International Organization for Migration, Ana B. Moreno - OnCities, Luc Désiré Omgba - University of Lorraine, Nhusha Vu - OnCities
Fundamental Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic
Dennis J. Snower - Global Solutions Initiative Foundation
A Bretton Woods Moment: Crafting the World We Want – and Our Children Deserve
Sean Cleary - Future World Foundation & Global Solutions Initiative Special Advisor
Rebuild after the crisis on three pillars: Equity, security and sustainability
Sean Cleary - Future World Foundation & Global Solutions Initiative Special Advisor
To ease the health-wealth trade-off, reallocate digital property rights
Dennis J. Snower - Global Solutions Initiative Foundation
COVID-19 Response Strategies, Addressing Digital Gender Divides
Lindsey Nefesh-Clarke - Womens WorldWide Web (W4), Barbara Orser - University of Ottawa, Margo Thomas - Women’s Economic Imperative
Commentaries and Articles
Awakening in the post-pandemic world
The Brookings Institution
Will COVID-19 Remake the World?
By Dani Rodrik (Harvard University – Kennedy School of Government)
A Coordinated, Unlimited and Flexible Insurance Policy to Respond to the Pandemic
By Gonzalo García-Andrés (Elcano Royal Institute)
Supply and Demand Shocks in the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Industry and Occupation Perspective
By Anton Pichler, François Lafond, J. Doyne Farmer, R. Maria del Rio-Chanona, Penny Mealy (University of Oxford – Institute for New Economic Thinking)
The Coronavirus as a Yardstick of Global Health Policy
By Félix Arteaga (Elcano Royal Institute)
Networks and Technologies to Assist the Vulnerable During the Pandemic
By Matthias Helble and Paul Vandenberg (ADBI)
Geopolitical symptoms of COVID-19: Narrative battles within the Eastern Partnership
By Mihai-Razvan Corman (Bertelsmann Stiftung) and Eliana Coraci (Bertelsmann Stiftung)
The COVID-19 Pandemic: Government vs. Community Action Across the United States
By Adam Brzezinski, Guido Deiana, Valentin Kecht and David Van Dijcke (University of Oxford – The Institute for New Economic Thinking)
Infrastructure for Growth Post COVID-19
By Alberto Belladonna (ISPI) and Alessandro Gili (ISPI)
COVID-19 and the Crisis of National Development
By Cobus van Staden (SAIIA)
Coronavirus: economic threat, political response and implications
By Federico Steinberg (Elcano Royal Institute)
The fiscal response to the economic fallout from the coronavirus
By Julia Anderson, Enrico Bergamini, Sybrand Brekelmans, Aliénor Cameron, Zsolt Darvas, Marta Domínguez Jíménez (Bruegel)
What Can We Do to Manage the Economic Consequences of COVID-19?
By Fatih Özatay, Güven Sak (TEPAV)
The coronavirus pandemic and US consumption
By John Muellbauer (VoxEU)
How Covid-19 Could be Like the Global Financial Crisis (or worse)
By Nora Lustig and Jorge Mariscal (IPSP)
A crisis in times of crisis: Combating COVID-19 under sanctions in Iran?
By Sonali Chowdhury, Anna-Katharina Jacobs & Kathrin Kamin (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)
COVID, remobilisation and the ‘stringency possibility corridor’: Creating wealth while protecting health
By Richard Baldwin (Graduate Institute Geneva)
Mitigating the work-security trade-off while rebooting the economy
By Tito Boeri (INPS), Alessandro Caiumi (Bocconi University) & Marco Paccagnella (OECD)
The Digital Response to the Outbreak of COVID-19
By Sean McDonald (CIGI)
It Is Time To Think Differently About Health
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
We need a national conversation about health — not just about health care
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
COVID-19 Calls for a Marshall Plan for Health
By Sandro Galea (School of Public Health, Boston University)
COVID-19: Lockdown exit strategies for Africa
By Stephen Karingi (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa)
COVID-19 in Africa: Protecting Lives and Economies
By Stephen Karingi (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa)
COVID-19 and Latin America
By Fernando Filgueria (Universidad de la República, Urugua)
C20 Statement to the G20 Joint Meeting of Ministers of Finance & Health
By the Civil 20 Engagement Group

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