Infrastructure Investment and Financing

Global Solutions Hubs

At our Global Solutions Hubs, you will find policy recommendations, solutions and experts on the policy areas of the G20 and T20. They cover the topics that are at the heart of the Global Solutions Initiative.
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COVID-19 & the Reinforced Case for Sustainable Infrastructure Development: Mobilizing Infrastructure Investments as Catalysts for Net Zero & SDG Delivery

Curated and produced by Valdai Discussion Club

The outbreak of the viral COVID-19 pandemic has brutally exposed weaknesses in existing infrastructure systems: “grey infrastructure” expansion and the associated destruction of ecosystems facilitate the spread of zoonotic diseases, whilst excessive reliance on just-in-time transport infrastructure and value chains increases our vulnerability to global shocks. At the same time, sustainable infrastructure is part of any successful response to the crisis: Whilst in the short-term, investments in infrastructure are critical to economic recovery and job creation, the delivery of key public services from health infrastructure to water and sanitation facilities will increase resilience toward pandemics in the long-term. With 75% of all infrastructure predicted to exist by 2050 not yet built, governments must seize the opportunity of stimulus packages to set the world on a zero emissions path toward SDG delivery.

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Amar Bhattacharya
Brookings Institution
Heike Henn
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
Ryan Bartlett
World Wildlife Fund
Norbert Gorißen
International Policy, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Germany
Tetsushi Sonobe
Asian Development Bank Institute
Cristina Contreras
Harvard University
Lorena Zemp
Global Infrastructure Basel Foundation
Peter Head
Resilience Brokers
Gamelihle Sibanda
International Labor Organization
Why sustainable and smart urbanization matters for the G20

Urbanization and urban demographics are shaping a world both more complex and more unstable, spiraling up with digital transformations and un precedented levels of systemic risks -as illustrated by the covid19 pandemic. While the pivotal role of urbanization for social development and safeguarding the environment has been widely acknowledged since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit and the Habitat Summits of Istanbul (1996) and Quito (2016), we live with a paradigm of urban and infrastructure development focused on powering growth with new technologies, which falls short of realizing the full transformative potential of urban development. G20 Saudi Arabia offers an unprecedented series of opportunities to change course, initiating a process towards effective multilevel policy-making including cities and metropolises that makes urbanization a driving force for the achievement of the SDGs and inclusive growth. The legacy of the Germany, Argentina and Japan G20 presidencies provides a background of high-level principles on habitat and regional planning (2018), quality infrastructure (2019) and the crossing of the G20 and the Agenda 2030 priorities in an interconnected world (2017-2019). In 2020, as the covid19 pandemic highlights the deep interdependency of nations and cities to achieve prosperity, security and sustainability, the development of the G20 engagement group urbanization, the Urban 20 offers a unique opportunity to build a way forward for the G20 with cities. Ahead of the upcoming COP15 Biodiversity, the panel will connect U20, S20 and T20 agendas to discuss the role of cities & metros to shape a multilevel governance that supports growth and meets the planetary boundaries. Moving from principles to actionable agendas, the panel will explore how to realize the full potential of cities as both locations and agents of sustainable development.

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Kobie Brand
ICLEI Africa
Nicolas Buchoud
Grand Paris Alliance for Metropolitan Development
Susan Parnell
University of Bristol and Emeritus Professor at the African Centre for Cities (ACC), University of Cape Town
Amal Fatani
Saudi S20 Sherpa
What can the G20 do to foster sustainable infrastructure?

Improving the wellbeing of billions of people globally depends on building more and better infrastructure, including for transportation, for access to energy and sanitation. This infrastructure build-up must be sustainable, as otherwise, it can have detrimental effects on people and the planet by destroying local livelihoods as much as the climate and ecosystems. Estimates are that additional investments of $15 trillion in infrastructure must be mobilized until 2040 to meet sustainable development goals; leaving critical funding gaps for infrastructure projects in the implementation of the Agenda 2030. The implementation of the G20 Quality Infrastructure agenda and the promotion of infrastructure as an asset class are meant to bridge global infrastructure funding gaps and attract private sector investments in support of sustainable infrastructure projects. As these approaches are vividly debated, latest research on managing the spillover effects of infrastructure projects, in particular in emerging economies, might pave the way for less doctrinal and more practical infrastructure policies, improving the connectivity between global and domestic finance, including private equity. The panel will raise and discuss proposals and solutions to promote a recoupling of private and public finance and accelerate the implementation of sustainable infrastructure, as a common issue for the G20 Sherpa Track and Development Working Group, the Finance Track and the Infrastructure Working Group, and relevant G20 Engagement Groups. It will also discuss how sustainable infrastructure investments can help build a way for the Agenda 2030, including in response to the covid19 and other such pandemic risks.

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Haifa Al-Mogrin
G20 Development Working Group
Raja Almarzoqi
Saudi Arabia
Sachin Chaturvedi
Research and Information System for Developing Countries
Lori Kerr
The Global Infrastructure Facility at the World Bank
Carlo Secchi
Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI)
Naoyuki Yoshino
Financial Research Centre, FSA Institute

Policy Briefs

Policies facilitating increased private investment financing for high-impact, sustainable infrastructure projects
F. John Mathis - Transnational Corporate Advisory Services Inc., Thunderbird School of Global Management
Achieving project financial certainty via financial risk analysis for robust infrastructure investment
David Eaton - Madinah Projects and Investments, Yağmur Ceylan Korkut - Madinah Projects and Investments
Policies and implementation guidelines for data-driven, integrated, risk-based planning of sustainable infrastructure
Anuj Malhotra - Centre for Green Mobility Delhi, Peter Head - Resilience Brokers, Rowan Palmer - UN Environment Programme – World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Ryan Bartlett - World Wildlife Fund, Steven Crosskey - United Nations Office for Project Services
Impact of sea-level rise and extreme events on infrastructure development in global trade and logistics supply chain
Anna Laura Petrucci - Dar Al Ulum University, Aris Christodoulou - JRC - European Commission, Athena Roumboutsos - University of the Aegean, Christa Sys - University of Antwerp, Franklin Konuah - University of Antwerp, Hande Demirel - Istanbul Technical University, Lama Yaseen - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Nora Nezamuddin - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Thierry Vaneislander - University of Antwerp
Policy recommendations: Adaptations for private sector-led infrastructure development in africa
Abla Abdel-Latif - Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES), Karim El Aynaoui - Policy Center for the New South, San Bilal - European Center for Development Policy and Management (ECDPM)
Instruments and mechanisms to mobilize private investments in local infrastructure
Franco Passacantando - Istituto Affari Internazionali, Nicola Bilotta - Istituto Affari Internazionali
Defining the role of automated transportation infrastructure in shaping sociotechnical systems
Anne Aguilera - Université Gustave Eiffel, Barbara Lenz - DLR – German Aerospace Center, Charles Raux - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Christian Long - STRATYS, Eric Hsu - University of South Australia, Fabio Antonialli - École Centrale Supélec – Université Paris-Saclay, Jean-Bernard Kovarik - Université Gustave Eiffel, Jean-Claude Cohen - STRATYS, Aix-Marseille University, Johanna Zmud - Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI), Olivier Fourcadet - ESSEC Business School, Philippe Gache - Renault Trucks, Serge Salat - Urban Morphology and Complex Systems Institute
Bridging the gaps and mitigating the risks: Tackling the challenges of sustainable cross-border energy infrastructure finance
Dongmei Chen - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Feng Zhou - Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization, Philipp Galkin - King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Qiankun Wang - Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization, Xinyue Ma - Global Development Policy Center of Boston University, Yongzhong Wang - China Academy of Social Science
Quality infrastructure investment in the face of the Covid-19 crisis: Sustainability, profitability, and demand versus resilience
Naoyuki Yoshino - Financial Research Centre, FSA Institute, Nella Sri Hendriyetty - Asian Development Bank Institute
Africa’s infrastructure finance
Mahmoud Arbouch - Policy Center for the New South, Miguel Vazquez - SDA School of Management, Bocconi University, Otaviano Canuto - Policy Center for the New South
The wider economic impacts of transportation infrastructure
Chia-Lin Chen - Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool, Corinne Blanquart - Université Gustave Eiffel, Francesca Pagliara - Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Gernot Liedtke - German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Technical University Berlin, Jose Maria de Urena - University of Castilla La Mancha, Marie Delaplace - Université Gustave Eiffel, Martin Koning - Université Gustave Eiffel, Naoyuki Yoshino - Financial Research Centre, FSA Institute, Pascal Gastineau - Université Gustave Eiffel
Evaluating resilient infrastructure sytems
Bruno Godart - Université Gustave Eiffel, Caroline Evans - Arcadis Australia Pacific, Fabien Palhol - CEREMA, Jean-Bernard Kovarik - Université Gustave Eiffel, Juan Fernando Mendoza - Mexican Institute of Transportation, Monica Starnes - Transportation Research Board - TRB
Shaping the new frontiers of sustainable (urban) infrastructure: Reviewing the long-term value of infrastructure investments and enabling system change
Arjan Hijdra - Global Infrastructure Institute, Beatriz Nofal - EcoAxis, Edoardo Croci - Bocconi University, Irina Karapetyants - The Institute of International Transport Communications, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Laurin Baptiste Wuennenberg - International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Mariana Silva - Interamerican Development Bank (IDB), Nicolas Hautiere - COSYS Lab, Université Gustave Eiffel, Paramita Datta Dey - National Institute of Urban Affairs, Ryan Bartlett - World Wildlife Fund, Sergei Kirpotin - Tomsk State University, T-Mosaic, Tatiana Kolesnikova - Tomsk State University, Nicolas Buchoud - Grand Paris Alliance for Metropolitan Development, Lori Kerr - The Global Infrastructure Facility at the World Bank
Quality Infrastructure Investment and Land Trust in the face of COVID19 crisis
Naoyuki Yoshino - Financial Research Centre, FSA Institute, Nella Sri Hendriyetty - Asian Development Bank Institute

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